Introduction to “On the Necessity of Armed Struggle and
Refutation of the Theory of Survival” By George Habash:
The history of the Iranian peoples is rich in revolutionary struggles against colonialism and the various manifestations of foreign interference as well as struggle against the reactionary, dictatorial puppet regime and the comprador bourgeoisie. This is in addition to the struggle against the racial chauvinistic oppression- one of the forms of national and class oppression whose victims are the masses of different nationalities living under the reactionary regime of the Shah.
In this rich and long history of national and class struggle, the
Iranian people have had to make many precious sacrifices. This is a result of Iran’s rich endowment of natural resources and its important strategic position. Thus Iran has always attracted colonial powers, as demonstrated by the special attention given to it by the American imperialists. These powers are willing to give the regime any kind of assistance needed in order to safeguard the reactionary regime which serves to protect the savage plunder of Iran’s resources by the imperialist monopolies. In addition, the regime is used as a stooge for
the oppression of liberation movements in the Middle East, in the gulf, and in other Arab countries.
This regional and world-wide role of the struggle of the Iranian
people gives this struggle a broader role than that of a national
struggle. It is of great importance to all national liberation
movements in the entire region and especially to the Arab liberation movements. Therefore, the unity between the liberation struggle of the Iranian people and that of the Arab people has greater significance than its historical context. Thus, this unity is an international responsibility of national liberation movements from in the free and progressive future of the region.
This unity establishes a greater bond between brothers who have waged liberation struggles against the same enemy. that is, against American imperialism with its many reactionary. Zionist and racist bases.
Thus. we view the struggle of the Iranian people, especially its
revolutionary and progressive vanguards, on the level of a unified, strategic solidarity in this fateful struggle. This is natural since there exists a parallel unity. through the links between the reactionary stooges, amongst the puppet Shah’s regime, the aggressive military system of Zionism in our land Palestine, and the reactionary puppet Arab regimes. But, our revolutionary solidarity is a progressive one, existing among the people in struggle against this imperialist, racist and reactionary unity.
So far, we have considered the general unity between our people and the people of Iran; but specifically we consider the Organization of the Iranian People’s Fedayee Guerrillas as one of the most valuable revolutionary vanguards whose existence is necessitated by the struggle of the Iranian people at its present stage. We admire their heroic struggle, with its many sacrifices, as we appreciate the role they play in creating solidarity between the struggle of the Iranian people and that of the Arab people in general and the people of Palestine in
Now about the book that is in our hands, which without doubt is a discussion of a crucial problem. and about its heroic author, the martyred comrade Amir Parviz Pouyan, who decorated it with his own blood. It is of special importance to all national liberation movements specifically at that stage when faced with the choice of either armed struggle against the most savage kinds of repression, oppression and terror. or, as the martyred comrade calls it, the “theory of survival” faced with the same conditions.
In refuting the “survival theory,” the book goes deeper than its
progressive theoretical, scientific and practical level. It prepares the fundamental basis for the formation of a struggling Fedayee
vanguard to crush and conquer the obstacles of dictatorial repression as a means to remove the impediments of fear and horror blocking the path of the masses and to organize them into a revolutionary, popular organization or political party, the proletarian party.
If this book devotes most of its attention to the refutation of the
“theory of survival” and stresses the historical necessity of creating the vanguard under these conditions and is victorious in this task, it is because this is the subject that forms the essential core of the ideological discussions in Iran. It was necessary to give the same attention to the transition or growth of the vanguards of the struggle to the revolutionary party.
Undoubtedly, it was the martyrdom of comrade Pouyan which
delayed the discussion and elaboration of this subject. It is therefore the responsibility of other comrades inspired by this heritage which is sealed with blood to arm themselves with experience and to attempt to fulfill the above mentioned task. Performing this requires a Marxist-Leninist consciousness and should be based on the teaching experiences of the struggle of the people of Iran, its working class, and its struggling Fedayee vanguards.
In concluding this short introduction to this book, I am happy to
reaffirm on my behalf and in the name of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and in the name of the struggling people of Palestine that we have absolute and full faith in the victory of the Iranian people in their heroic struggle against the puppet, chauvinist and reactionary regime against all imperialist forces backing it, as we have faith in the victory of our people against our common imperialist. Zionist and reactionary enemy.
All of us today are struggling for the liberation of the whole region and the establishment of a democratic and progressive future for the region and for peace and true brotherhood as part of the free world, free of all exploitation and domination, a world of justice, peace and socialism.